the EU bill of rights

by Henryk Szubinski

basically at the G 10 fold into G20 and onwards with EU 21

the basis of projective Chordis 3 during the VELVET REVOLUTION

displace towards the 4 freedooms BY THE OPENING with US relations

as the function to relate to the limited 5 freedoom of knowledge moovement as the HOLDER of the declaration of independance as a exchanged ownership of the CHORDIS 6 format to which the extended basis of the EU 20 has been able to fold the G10 twice which is the pass basis for a nation like Eu to be exactly the same as the USA and to use that basis of the 4 freedooms in the bill of rights for anyone wanting moore such freedooms to be the aquired level of HISTORY and to be participating in that function in NOW TIME

as the right by the priority of space exploration

this law will be upheld:as the sovreign right of every individual

values that are projective for the basis Chordis7: the 7th framework

The words bymillion and trimillion were first recorded in 1475 in a manuscript of Jehan Adam. Subsequently, Nicolas Chuquet wrote a book Triparty en la science des nombres which was not published during Chuquet’s lifetime. However, most of it was copied by Estienne de La Roche for a portion of his 1520 book, L’arismetique. Chuquet’s book contains a passage in which he shows a large number marked off into groups of six digits, with the comment:

Ou qui veult le premier point peult signiffier million Le second point byllion Le tiers point tryllion Le quart quadrillion Le cinqe quyllion Le sixe sixlion Le sept.e septyllion Le huyte ottyllion Le neufe nonyllion et ainsi des ault’s se plus oultre on vouloit preceder

(Or if you prefer the first mark can signify million, the second mark byllion, the third mark tryllion, the fourth quadrillion, the fifth quyillion, the sixth sixlion, the seventh septyllion, the eighth ottyllion, the ninth nonyllion and so on with others as far as you wish to go).

Chuquet is sometimes credited with inventing the names million, billion, trillion, quadrillion, and so forth. This is an oversimplification.

Million was certainly not invented by Adam or Chuquet. Milion is an Old French word thought to derive from Old Italian milione, an intensification of mille, a thousand. That is, a million is a big thousand.

From the way in which Adam and Chuquet use the words, it can be inferred that they were recording usage rather than inventing it. One obvious possibility is that words similar to billion and trillion were already in use and well-known, but that Chuquet, an expert in exponentiation, extended the naming scheme and invented the names for the higher powers.

Chuquet’s names are only similar to, not identical to, the modern ones.

Adam and Chuquet used the long scale of powers of a million; that is, Adam’s bymillion (Chuquet’s byllion) denoted 1012, and Adam’s trimillion (Chuquet’s tryllion) denoted 1018.

An aide-memoire

It can be a problem to find the values for large numbers, either in scientific notation or in sheer digits. Every number listed in this article larger than a million has two values: one in the short scale, where successive names differ by a factor of one thousand, and another in the long scale, where successive names differ by a factor of one million.

An easy way to find the value of the above numbers in the short scale (as well as the number of zeroes needed to write them) is to take the number indicated by the prefix (such as 2 in billion, 4 in quadrillion, 18 in octodecillion, etc.), add one to it, and multiply that result by 3. For example, in a trillion, the prefix is tri, meaning 3. Adding 1 to it gives 4. Now multiplying 4 by 3 gives us 12, which is the power to which 10 is to be raised to express a short-scale trillion in scientific notation: one trillion = 1012.

In the long scales, this is done simply by multiplying the number from the prefix by 6. For example, in a billion, the prefix is bi, meaning 2. Multiplying 2 by 6 gives us 12, which is the power to which 10 is to be raised to express a long-scale billion in scientific notation: one billion = 1012. The intermediate values (billiard, trilliard, etc.) can be converted in a similar fashion, by adding ½ to the number from the prefix and then multiplying by six. For example, in a septilliard, the prefix is sept meaning 7. Multiplying 7½ by 6 yields 45, and one septilliard equals 1045. Doubling the prefix and adding one then multiplying the result by three would give the same result.

These mechanisms are illustrated in the table in long and short scales.

Note that when writing out large numbers, one should place a comma or space after every three digits, starting from the right and moving left.

basic probleems of EU equated US = 444 basis eco basis of 2x interactives on the EU US basis = 888 as the non equated 444-444 = positive usage of 888 Basis S.

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