CERTAINTY AND CONFIDENCE

articile compiled by

Henryk Szubinski

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.a format of scifi reality in the future or IN the NOW

some translations of RELAXATION RESPONSE

in Chineese:

放松反应

Fàngsōng fǎnyìng

Japaneese:

応答をリラックス

Ōtō o rirakkusu

the relax response is as large as the UNIVERSE

basic concepts of relax response on the History of the universe:inflation, big crunch,etc….

the examples of observation of such force =example of ANDROMEDA and the force of stable but INERT ROTATION.

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Certainty can be defined as either (a) perfect knowledge that has total security from error, or (b) the mental state of being without doubt. Objectively defined, certainty is total continuity and validity of all foundational inquiry, to the highest degree of precision. Something is certain only if no skepticism can occur. Philosophy (at least historical Cartesian philosophy) seeks this state.[citation needed]

It is widely held that certainty is a failed historical enterprise.[1] This is in large part due to the power of David Hume’s Problem of induction. Physicist Carlo Rovelli adds that certainty, in real life, is useless or often damaging (the idea is that “total security from error” is impossible in practice, and a complete “lack of doubt” is undesirable).[2]

TO DEFINE THE BASICS OF CARDIAC AND COGNITIVE BIO CONTROL LEVELS IN A PARAMETER WHERE THE BASIS OF THE RETRACED MEMORY OF ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE WOULD DEFINE THE LAWS PREVIOUS TO THE LAST 2 DATA BITS

AS WELL AS THE CERTAINTY THAT RESULTS FROM THE COGNITION AND THE BIO FUNCTIONS OF A BASIC RELATED TO COGNITIVE CERTAINTY BASED ON

CONFIDENCE INTERVAL

BECAUSE CONFIDENCE IS USUALLY CERTAINTY

AND THE PHILOSOPHY OF CERTAINTY WOULD BE SIMILAR TO CONFIDENCE AS A LEVEL VALUE depends largerly on relaxation

Since the 1960s, research has indicated strong correlations between chronic stress and physical and emotional health[citation needed]. Meditation was among the first relaxation techniques shown to have a measurable effect on stress reduction. In the 1970s, self-help books teaching relaxation techniques began to appear on bestsellers lists. In 1975, The Relaxation Response by Harvard Medical School professor Herbert Benson, MD and Miriam Z. Klipper was published. Their book has been credited with popularizing meditation in the United States.[citation needed]

In statistics, a confidence interval (CI) is a particular kind of interval estimate of a population parameter and is used to indicate the reliability of an estimate. It is an observed interval (i.e it is calculated from the observations), in principle different from sample to sample, that frequently includes the parameter of interest, if the experiment is repeated. How frequently the observed interval contains the parameter is determined by the confidence level or confidence coefficient.

A confidence interval with a particular confidence level is intended to give the assurance that, if the statistical model is correct, then taken over all the data that might have been obtained, the procedure for constructing the interval would deliver a confidence interval that included the true value of the parameter the proportion of the time set by the confidence level. More specifically, the meaning of the term “confidence level” is that, if confidence intervals are constructed across many separate data analyses of repeated (and possibly different) experiments, the proportion of such intervals that contain the true value of the parameter will approximately match the confidence level; this is guaranteed by the reasoning underlying the construction of confidence intervals.

A confidence interval does not predict that the true value of the parameter has a particular probability of being in the confidence interval given the data actually obtained. (An interval intended to have such a property, called a credible interval, can be estimated using Bayesian methods; but such methods bring with them their own distinct strengths and weaknesses).

THE FOUNDATIONAL CRISIS OF MATHEMATICS

in the Philosophical and the theoretical as with astrophysics for example on HAWKINS and the discretion used when regarding the philosophy of physics

as was with the philosophy of medicine and its subsided levels and then the increase to the meditative data BOOST by the data ON RELAXATION and rest as a format for reduced stress as a type of wave format of MEDIA coverage and basic JOURNALISM on the topics

after and prior to 1900 there were surfers on the positive pandrogenic wave, people like PAUL BRUNTON who worked like frequency occilators and INVENTED JOURNALISM ON THE BASIS OF THE TRUTH TEST as a UNIVERSAL value for the EARTH and the basics of the RELAX effect = to a lower stress level

as will define the basics of positive and negative responses on a very basic level

at the time

and who made concise studies of the FAR Eastern world and the MID EAST as a neutral study of the economical value of MEDIATION by MEDITATIVE methods of interactions and businessas the DELAY function meaning that BUSINESS IN THE EAST WAITS for the business of the WEST by the basic law that the WEST is stronger and the DELAY defines the state of rest or MEDITATION of EASTERN business upto the point of BUSINESS with actual WEST business

LIKE A GIANT EARTH computer or a intelligence immersed in meditation this rest point cannot be lower that the present state or any future state in delay with the WESTERN ECONOMIES

right now smart phones can use all data on the WORLD LEVEL

After several schools of the philosophy of mathematics ran into difficulties one after the other in the 20th century, the assumption that mathematics had any foundation that could be stated within mathematics itself began to be heavily challenged.

One attempt after another to provide unassailable foundations for mathematics was found to suffer from various paradoxes (such as Russell’s paradox) and to be inconsistent.

Various schools of thought on the right approach to the foundations of mathematics were fiercely opposing each other. The leading school was that of the formalist approach, of which David Hilbert was the foremost proponent, culminating in what is known as Hilbert’s program, which thought to ground mathematics on a small basis of a formal system proved sound by metamathematical finitistic means. The main opponent was the intuitionist school, led by L.E.J. Brouwer, which resolutely discarded formalism as a meaningless game with symbols.[citation needed] The fight was acrimonious. In 1920 Hilbert succeeded in having Brouwer, whom he considered a threat to mathematics, removed from the editorial board of Mathematische Annalen, the leading mathematical journal of the time.

Gödel’s incompleteness theorems, proved in 1931, showed that essential aspects of Hilbert’s program could not be attained. In Gödel’s first result he showed how to construct, for any sufficiently powerful and consistent finitely axiomatizable system—such as necessary to axiomatize the elementary theory of arithmetic—a statement that can be shown to be true, but that does not follow from the rules of the system. It thus became clear that the notion of mathematical truth can not be reduced to a purely formal system as envisaged in Hilbert’s program. In a next result Gödel showed that such a system was not powerful enough for proving its own consistency, let alone that a simpler system could do the job. This dealt a final blow to the heart of Hilbert’s program, the hope that consistency could be established by finitistic means (it was never made clear exactly what axioms were the “finitistic” ones, but whatever axiomatic system was being referred to, it was a weaker system than the system whose consistency it was supposed to prove). Meanwhile, the intuitionistic school had failed to attract adherents among working mathematicians, and floundered due to the difficulties of doing mathematics under the constraint of constructivism.

In a sense, the crisis has not been resolved, but faded away: most mathematicians either do not work from axiomatic systems, or if they do, do not doubt the consistency of ZFC, generally their preferred axiomatic system. In most of mathematics as it is practiced, the various logical paradoxes never played a role anyway, and in those branches in which they do (such as logic and category theory), they may be avoided.