a article on evolution
data courtesy of Wikipedia
extra paper by Henryk Szubinski
What does the saying out of sight out of mind mean?
the state of being invisible by one self choosing to do so. also it could refer to being for-get-full-ness, this is heard among animals. if you hide and are out of site, then you are out of the animals mind.
The Dragons of Eden: Speculations on the Evolution of Human Intelligence is a Pulitzer prize winning 1977 book by Carl Sagan. In it, he combines the fields of anthropology, evolutionary biology, psychology, and computer science to give a perspective of how human intelligence evolved.
One of the main issues featured in the book is the search for a quantitative way of measuring intelligence. Sagan shows that the brain to body mass ratio is an extremely good indicator, with humans having the highest and dolphins second. It does break down, however, at the extremely small end of the scale. Smaller creatures (ants in particular) place disproportionally high on the list.
Other topics mentioned include the evolution of the brain (with emphasis on the function of the neocortex in humans), the evolutionary purpose of sleep and dreams, demonstration of sign language abilities by chimps and the purpose of mankind’s innate fears and myths. The title “The Dragons of Eden” refers to man’s early struggle for survival in the face of predators, and how fear of reptiles may have led to cultural beliefs and myths about dragons and snakes.
Summary of the Chapters
The book is an expansion of the Jacob Bronowski Memorial Lecture in Natural Philosophy which Sagan gave at the University of Toronto. In the introduction Sagan presents his thesis—that “the mind… [is] a consequence of its anatomy and physiology and nothing more”—in reference to the works of Charles Darwin and Alfred Russel Wallace.
In chapter 2, he briefly summarizes the entire evolution of species starting from the Big Bang to the beginning of the human civilization with the help of a “Cosmic Calendar”, where every billion years of life corresponds to about twenty-four days of the calendar. The Cosmic Calendar reappears in the Cosmos television series.
It is disconcerting to find that in such a cosmic year the Earth does not condense out of interstellar matter until early September, dinosaurs emerge on Christmas Eve; flowers arise on December 28th; and men and women originate at 10:30 P.M on New Year’s Eve. All of recorded history occupies the last ten seconds of December 31; and the time from the waning of the Middle Ages to the present occupies little more than one second.
on how fibres were evolved into fibral filters , fibral expirations , fibral inhalators and basics of fibres such as corals which pick up organic nutrients by catching them in their fibres.
the basis was made on the comparative with the Youtube on Quarks and Sagans Evolution as well as the History of the Universe and the Earths role in it.
Echinoderms (Phylum Echinodermata) are a phylum of marine animals. Echinoderms are found at every ocean depth, from the intertidal zone to the abyssal zone. Aside from the problematic Arkarua, the first definitive members of the phylum appeared near the start of the Cambrian period.
The phylum contains about 7,000 living species, making it the second-largest grouping of deuterostomes, after the chordates. Echinoderms are also the largest phylum that has no freshwater or terrestrial representatives.
The word is derived from the Greek ἐχινοδέρματα (echinodermata), plural of ἐχινόδερμα (echinoderma), “spiny skin” from ἐχινός (echinos), “sea-urchin”, originally “hedgehog,” and δέρμα (derma), “skin”.
The echinoderms are important both biologically and geologically: biologically because few other groupings are so abundant in the biotic desert of the deep sea, as well as the shallower oceans, and geologically as their ossified skeletons are major contributors to many limestone formations, and can provide valuable clues as to the geological environment. Further, it is held by some that the radiation of echinoderms was responsible for the Mesozoic revolution of marine life.
could this then be the period where life developed its specialisations of holding and grabbing with digit specialisations of grappling and specialisations of the usage of the hands as by starfish which mated together to form a specialisation by the opposed hemispheres and their motion syncronisations of a communicative type of starfish arms in motion by basic planar oppositions of their parameters leading to the developements of the sea urchin as the developed stage between theese hemispheres as a format for the dynamics of H2O (f)
the basics on Darwins theory of adaptation and the usage of brancheings of a selective type could be actual solid evidence in the form of ancient seastars with some basic filtration skills in the down vector = pressure
and in the upp direction = specialised pressure usage by basic pressure regulations of its anatomy
the physical components of marine and land life as developments of brancheings in physical solid form