type 1,2,3 PAD: subject matter : science of ageing

 

 

LIFE EXTENSION PAD

type 1,2,3 subject matter

compile by Henryk Szubinski

 

Europeiska flaggan

4 freedooms

the 5th freedoom of knowledge moovement

Chordis6

the 7th framework Chordis7

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Life extension, also known as anti-aging medicineexperimental gerontology, and biomedical gerontology, refers to attempts to slow down or reverse[clarification needed] the processes of aging to extend both the maximum and average lifespan. Some researchers in this area, and “life extensionists” or “longevists” (who wish to achieve longer lives for themselves), believe that future breakthroughs in tissue rejuvenation with stem cellsmolecular repair, and organ replacement (such as with artificial organs or xenotransplantations) will eventually enable humans to have indefinite lifespans through complete rejuvenation to a youthful condition.

The sale of putative anti-aging products such as nutrition, physical fitness, skin care, hormone replacements, vitamins, supplements and herbs is a lucrative global industry, with the US market generating about $50 billion of revenue each year.[1] Medical experts state that the use of such products has not been shown to affect the aging process, and many claims of anti-aging medicine advocates have been roundly criticized by medical experts, including the American Medical Association.[1][2][3][4] Bioethicists question whether and how the human lifespan should be extended.

Current anti-aging strategies and issues

[edit]Diets and supplements

Much life extension research focuses on nutrition—diets or supplements—as a means to extend lifespan, although few of these have been systematically tested for significant longevity effects. The many diets promoted by anti-aging advocates are often contradictory. For example, two diets with different approaches and some support from scientific research are the Paleolithic diet and Caloric restriction.[5][6][7][8]

The free radical theory of aging suggests that antioxidant supplements, such as Vitamin CVitamin EQ10lipoic acidCarnosine and N-acetylcysteine, might extend human life[further explanation needed]. However, combined evidence from several clinical trials suggest that high dose vitamin E and beta carotene supplements increase mortality rates[specify].[9] Other substances proposed to extend lifespan include oxytocininsulinhuman chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) and erythropoietin (EPO). Resveratrol is a sirtuin stimulant that appears to extend lifespan in simple model organisms such as nematodes[10] and short-lived fish.[11]

Some supplements, including the minerals selenium[12] or zinc[13][14] have been reported to extend the lifespan of rats and mice, though none has been proven to do so in humans, and significant toxic effects were observed[which?]Metformin[15] may also extend life span in mice.

Nanotechnology

Future advances in nanomedicine could give rise to life extension through the repair of many processes thought to be responsible for aging. Raymond Kurzweil, a futurist and transhumanist, believes that advanced medical nanorobotics could completely remedy the effects of aging by 2030.[18]

[edit]Cloning and body part replacement

Some life extensionists suggest that therapeutic cloning and stem cell research could one day provide a way to generate cells, body parts, or even entire bodies (generally referred to as reproductive cloning) that would be genetically identical to a prospective patient. In one experiment, a functioning dog’s bladder was grown and proved to be viable after implantation.[citation needed] Recently, the US Department of Defense initiated a program to research the possibility of growing human body parts on mice.[19] Complex biological structures, such as mammalian joints and limbs, have not yet been replicated. Dog and primate brain transplantation experiments were conducted in the mid-20th century but failed due to rejection and the inability to restore nerve connections. Proponents of body part replacement and cloning contend that the required biotechnologies are likely to appear earlier than other life-extension technologies.

The use of human stem cells, particularly embryonic stem cells, is controversial. Opponents’ objections generally are based on interpretations of religious teachings or ethical considerations[according to whom?]. Proponents[who?] of stem cell research point out that cells are routinely formed and destroyed in a variety of contexts. Use of stem cells taken from the umbilical cord or parts of the adult body may not provoke controversy.[20]

The controversies over cloning are similar, except general public opinion in most countries stands in opposition to reproductive cloning. Some proponents[who?] of therapeutic cloning predict the production of whole bodies, lacking consciousness, for eventual brain transplantation.

the vector out represents the 2 Areas in a symbiotic relation to each other as is with the basics of input of value x into the inner section = the values by which the basics of the vector outards are = the F  parameter and its similar value as altered into a responsive that defines both the x and F on the way out and the xF on the way in

This is not done by time however

the interactions are basically in a sequence of relations

,

,the order of the cell layers are basically a one vector response out and its  LINK basis back on the outside of layer 1 / 2 interactions

So that with  any amount of interactions the value minimal is for the same response but altered from its side as well as faseing out the odd even values

.basically the combinations that result in a equalisations of the responses in and the responses out of the cellular problems will define the no problem levels where the types of cellular respirations or their usage to define a higher level of energy by not only the outputs as gauged to the turn about in the equalisations theory but by keepin the levels and their boosttings within this very basic response and opposition of the layers with basic interactions by 1 value and the alternate value as back again making shure that the same process on a value = back again is on the opposite side and in the fase for the 1 value as related by the opposite side on the side of its primary caompartive giving it a value fase equalisation

This can be done on all levels as basic as the one shown in the diagram.

.

.

(cell layer) x————————-(cell layer)——–>F F<————————–(cell layer)———x

F————–(cell layer)——————–>x x———(cell layer)————————–>F ( cell layer )

.

as the basics of using the types of pressure relations between the layers are the same as the value used

This is then used as the basis for the high level values that are displacable as though the cellular field had been externalised but maintained its full value BOOST

the vector basis will work outwards so that the full value of the equalisations = / for example will have the same value on the equative responsive of the cell on any cellular side including the learning ability to programme them with the types of environements by using vector totals for equalisations that will be equal to this value

uncertainty is


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